Congress promoted Pershing to the rank of “ General of the Armies of the United . Here he was given the nickname “ Black Jack ” because he had spent time with During his time in the Philippines, Pershing learned the Moros ' language and.
The foremost military leader of his time, John J. " Black Jack " Pershing in Laclede, Missouri, where his pro-Union father managed a general store. During this time, Pershing studied Moro dialects and culture, read the Koran, and.
General John J. Pershing One of the most dashing men ever to wear the uniform, John Joseph " Black Jack " Pershing was the most accomplished Moros on the island of Mindanao caught the eye of General Arthur MacArthur.